Strategy of SR and Agenda 2030 - SlovakAid

Strategy of SR and Agenda 2030

ODA - official development assistance

Official Development Assistance (ODA) is a set of state activities aimed at helping and supporting developing countries towards sustainable development. It lies on the perception of co-responsibility for global progress, to which national governments want to help in this way. ODA rest on funds that governments set aside from state budgets and then either transfer to international institutions such as the UN, OECD, EU, focused on development aid (multilateral development aid) or finance projects and programs in selected countries (bilateral development aid) or the basis of an agreement with a partner (trilateral development aid). In the recent two cases, it is aid whose geographical and sectoral direction, delivery method, and amount of contributions is characterized by the primary states themselves.

The structure of ODA SR management

Several national entities participate in the creation and implementation of ODA SR under the SlovakAid brand:

  • The coordinator of Slovak development aid is the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic, Directorate General for Economic and Development Cooperation, Department for Development Assistance and Humanitarian Aid.
  • The coordinating, initiative, and advisory inter-ministerial body for development cooperation of the Slovak Republic is the Coordinating Committee for Development Cooperation of the Slovak Republic. It ensures, in particular, the harmonization of policies for the development and preparation of the development cooperation strategy of the Slovak Republic, the focus of bilateral development cooperation for the coming year, and other conceptual documents. It councils when needed and is chaired by the State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic, a member. The other members are:
    • State Secretaries of the MF SR, MARD SR, ME SR, MESRS SR, MI SR, MD SR, MLSAF SR, MTC SR, ME SR, MH SR, MIRDI SR, and MC SR
    • Representatives of the Foreign Affairs Committee and the Committee on European Affairs of the National Council of the Slovak Republic
    • Representatives of SAIDC, Platforms of Non-Governmental Development Organizations, Slovak Business Agency, Association of Employers' Unions and Associations of the Slovak Republic, Association of Towns and Municipalities of Slovakia, Eximabanka SR, and the Slovak Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
  • The implementing organization of Slovak development cooperation is the Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation. SAIDC has been established by the Ministry by Act no. 617/2007 Coll., The position and competence of the agency are regulated by the currently valid Act no. 392 on development cooperation and on the amendment of certain acts as amended by Act no. 281/2019 Coll. Through specialized programs and grant rounds, SAIDC allows national entities to implement projects in target countries. Public entities, including state and academic institutions, non-governmental organizations, and business entities, participate in implementing Slovak development aid.

SlovakAid

MFEA SR started to provide official development assistance under the SlovakAid brand in 2003 when Slovakia became a donor from the recipient country. This change resulted from the positive development of the Slovak political-economic situation with integration into vital international structures (EU, OECD, NATO). Since 2003, the Slovak development agenda has come a long way and has become an effective tool and an integral part of Slovak foreign policy.

In 2007, the MFEA SR established the Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation (SAIDC), which, by its statute, acquired the competencies of administrative and contracting units of the Trust Fund (ACU TF) and Bratislava - Belgrade Fund (ACU BBF), project cycles within the framework of official development cooperation.

Through specialized programs and grant rounds, SAIDC allows national entities to implement projects in target countries. Public entities are involved in implementing Slovak development cooperation, including state and academic institutions, non-governmental organizations, and business entities.

Geographical and sectoral priorities

Development Cooperation of the Slovak Republic in the period 2019 - 2013 is directed to three so-called program countries - KENYA, MOLDOVA and GEORGIA, as well as to four partner regions and one partner country:

  • the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Kosovo *, Northern Macedonia, Serbia),
  • EU Eastern Partnership countries (Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine),
  • Eastern Sub-Saharan Africa (Burundi, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, and Uganda)
  • The Middle East (Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria),
  • Afghanistan.

Since 2019, Slovakia has been applying a more regional approach, i. j. we support thematically similar projects in several countries in one region. The aim is to capitalize on lessons learned and share examples of successful projects between partner countries.

Sectorally, SlovakAid operates in six areas: education, healthcare, good governance, and civil society building, food security and agriculture, infrastructure and sustainable use of natural resources, support for the creation of a market environment.

SlovakAid's projects and activities also integrate the so-called cross-cutting themes, which are 1. Environment and climate change and 2. Equal opportunities. Their inclusion in projects and activities assessed in each of the six priority sectors.

The scholarship program, the volunteer and expert secondment program, and the business partnership program can be achieved in countries outside the above-mentioned territorial priorities.

*This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSC Resolution no. 1244/1999 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.

ODA SR tools

  • provision of subsidies
  • providing a financial contribution
  • placing an order
  • providing knowledge and experience
  • donation of movable state property
  • government scholarships
  • debt forgiveness
  • the provision of a preferential export credit
  • implementation of European Union financial instruments for development cooperation
  • other implements to be decided by the government

The Slovak Republic is involved in multilateral assistance mainly through the EU development activities and international organizations and institutions such as the UN, the World Bank Group, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. It implements development cooperation in the form of involvement in decision-making processes by providing contributions from the state budget and increasing the share capital of international financial institutions.

 

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is an ambitious and comprehensive initiative of the international community from 2015. It contains 17 sustainable development goals, which the professional public calls SDGs - Sustainable Development Goals. Their fulfillment should help to solve global problems which no country can solve in isolation, and that progress can achieve through cooperation and partnership building. MIRDI SR is responsible for implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development at the national level. MFEA SR is responsible for implementation in the international environment.

In June 2018, the Government of the Slovak Republic approved six national priorities for the implementation of Agenda 2030 (Government Resolution No. 273/2018), which emerged from a participatory process involving a wide range of actors. Six national priorities, resp. the main areas of implementation of the 2030 Agenda are coherent with the six sectoral priorities of the Slovak ODA defined by this medium-term strategy.